Friday, 28 February 2020


According to history and Hindu texts, the ancient capital of Kaushal region, Awadh, came to be called Ayodhya and Saket in the Buddhist period. Ayodhya was originally a city of temples. Ayodhya is the birthplace of Shri Ram, which was established by Vaivaswat Manu, son of Surya, the forefather of Lord Shri Ram, since then the city was ruled by Suryavanshi kings. Prabhu Shri Ram was born in Raj Mahal during the reign of King Dasharatha. Maharishi Shri Valmiki has done the beauty and importance of birthplace in Sri Ramayana with Indraloka. Ramayana is also described in Ayodhya city full of wealth and gems and its incomparable chhata and historical buildings in Ayodhya city.

In the Ramayana, it was said that after Lord Shree Ram's water samadhi, Ayodhya was desolate for some time, but the Raj Mahal at his place of birth remained as it was. Kush, the son of Shriram, once again rebuilt his capital Ayodhya. After this construction, it existed for the next 44 generations of Suryavansh, the last rule of Maharaja Brihadbal. Maharaja Brihadbal died in the Mahabharata war at the hands of Abhimanyu. After the war of Mahabharata, Ayodhya was devastated, but the existence of Shri Ram Janmabhoomi still remained.

ayodhya shiri ram mandir history in hindi

After this, it is mentioned that about 100 years before Christ, Chakravarti Emperor Vikramaditya of Ujjain reached Ayodhya by shooting one day. Due to fatigue, he started resting with his army under a mango tree on the banks of river Saryu in Ayodhya. At that time there was a dense forest here. There was no settlement here either. Maharaja Vikramaditya saw some miracles in this land. Then he started the search and by the grace of the nearby yogis and saints, he came to know that this is the Awadh land of Shri Ram. With the instruction of those saints, the emperor built a grand temple here as well as wells, tanks, palaces etc. It is said that he built a huge temple on 84 pillars of black colored stone at Sri Ram Janmabhoomi. The grandeur of this temple was built on seeing it.

Later kings of Vikramaditya looked after this temple from time to time. One of them, the first ruler of the Sunga dynasty, Pushyamitra Sunga also got the temple renovated. An inscription of Pushyamitra was received from Ayodhya in which he is called the Senapati and he describes the two Ashwamedha yagyas performed. It is known from several inscriptions that Ayodhya was the capital of the Gupta Empire during the time of Gupta dynasty Chandragupta II and for a long time thereafter. The Gupta Mahakavi Kalidasa has mentioned Ayodhya several times in Raghuvansh.

According to historians, 600 BC was an important trade center in Ayodhya. The place gained international recognition during the 5th century BCE when it developed into a major Buddhist center. Its name then was Saket. It is said that the Chinese monk Fa-hien noticed here that a record of many Buddhist monasteries has been kept. It was here that the Chinese traveler Hentsang came in the 7th century. According to him, there were 20 Buddhist temples and 3,000 monks lived here and there was also a major and grand temple of Hindus, where thousands of people used to visit every day.

ayodhya shiri ram mandir history in hindi & English

Then came the Kannauj King Jaichand in the 11th century AD, he overthrew the emperor Vikramaditya's commendation inscription on the temple and got his name written. Jaichand also came to an end after the battle of Panipat. After this, the attack of invaders on India increased further. The invaders looted Kashi, Mathura as well as Ayodhya and continued the process of breaking the idols by killing priests. But by the 14th century they were not able to break the Ram temple in Ayodhya.

Even after various invasions, the grand temple built on the birthplace of Shri Ram survived all the troubles till the 14th century. It is said that the temple was present here during the reign of Sikander Lodi. In the 14th century, the Mughals took control of India and only after that many campaigns were carried out to destroy the Ram Janmabhoomi and Ayodhya. Finally in 1527-28 this grand temple was dismantled and replaced by the Babri structure. It is said that a commander of Babar, the founder of the Mughal Empire, had built a mosque, which existed until 1992, during the Bihar campaign by breaking the ancient and magnificent temple at the birthplace of Shri Ram in Ayodhya.

ayodhya shiri ram mandir history in hind & English

The mosque was built on Ram Janmabhoomi in 1528. According to the Hindu mythological Ramayana and Ramcharit Manas, Lord Rama was born here.

In 1853, there was a dispute between Hindus and Muslims for the first time over this land.

In 1859, keeping in mind the dispute, the Muslims asked the Muslims to use the inner part and the Hindu part outside for worship and prayers.

In 1949, a statue of Lord Rama was placed on the inner side. Seeing increasing tension, the government locked its gate.

In 1986, the District Judge ordered the disputed site to be opened for Hindu worship. The Muslim community constituted the Babri Masjid Action Committee to protest against this.

In 1989, the Vishwa Hindu Parishad launched a Ram temple on the land adjacent to the disputed site.

Babri Masjid was demolished in Ayodhya on 6 December 1992. As a result, around two thousand people died in nationwide riots.

Ten days later, on 16 December 1992, the Liberhan Commission was formed. Retired Chief Justice of Andhra Pradesh High Court M.S. Liberhan was made the chairman of the commission.

The Liberhan Commission was asked to submit a report on 16 March 1993, ie in three months, but the Commission took 17 years to report.

This acquisition of the Center was challenged in the Supreme Court in 1993. The challenger was Mohammad Ismail Faruqui. But the court rejected the challenge that the center is the only collector of this land. When Malikana Haq is decided, the land will be returned to the owners. Recently, the application filed by the Center is about this additional land.

In 1996, Ram Janmabhoomi Nyas asked for this land from the central government but the demand was turned down. The trust then approached the High Court, which was also dismissed by the court in 1997.

In 2002, when some activity took place on non-disputed land, Aslam Bhure petitioned the Supreme Court.

After hearing this in 2003, the Supreme Court ordered the status quo to be maintained. The court said that disputed and non-disputed land cannot be segregated.

On 30 June 2009, the Liberhan Commission submitted a report of 700 pages in four parts to Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh and Home Minister P. Chidambaram.

The tenure of the Commission of Inquiry was extended by 48 times.

The tenure of the Liberhan Commission, which ended on 31 March 2009, was extended for three months, that is, until 30 June.

In 2010, a Lucknow bench of the Allahabad High Court ruled that the disputed land was declared Ram Janmabhoomi. The Court ruled by a majority that the disputed land which has been considered as Ram Janmabhoomi,

The Supreme Court decided after 7 years that from 11 August 2017, a bench of three judges would hear the dispute daily. Just before the hearing, the Shia Waqf Board filed a petition in the court, claiming to be a party to the dispute, and after 70 years challenged the decision of the trial court of 30 March 1979 in which the mosque was declared a property of the Sunni Waqf Board.

The Supreme Court has said that the final hearing of this case will be started from 5 December 2014.

Supreme Court verdict- Ram temple should be built on disputed land

Supreme Court verdict - Ram temple should be built on disputed land

The Supreme Court on Saturday gave its verdict on the Ayodhya temple-mosque dispute. A five-member constitution bench headed by Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi unanimously ruled. Under this, the entire disputed land of 2.77 acres of Ayodhya was given for the construction of Ram temple. The apex court said that a trust should be formed in 3 months for the construction of the temple and its plan should be prepared. The Chief Justice ruled that the Muslim side should be given 5 acres of alternative land to build the mosque, which is almost double the disputed land. The Chief Justice said that the demolished structure is the birthplace of Lord Rama and this belief of Hindus is unquestioned.

After a 40-day hearing on the matter from August 6 to October 16, the Supreme Court reserved its decision. The 1045-page decision read by the constitution bench for 45 minutes on Saturday put an end to the most important and more than a century-old controversy in the country's history. A bench of Chief Justice Gogoi, Justice SA Bobode, Justice DY Chandrachud, Justice Ashok Bhushan, Justice S Abdul Nazir made it clear that the temple should be built at a prominent place. The disputed land given to Ramlala Virajaman will be owned by the receiver of the central government.

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